# 25 Yield Percents

When you buy fresh fruit and vegetable produce and prepare it, there is almost always some waste, or trim. Some produce has very little trim, and some has a lot. Produce in general has yield percentages, which can give you a good idea of how much of what you buy is going to be usable. For this lesson, we will use a chart which gives the yield percentages of a number of kinds of produce. We can then talk about how much usable food we will have after preparing what we’ve bought.

Let’s take zucchini, for example. If you look at the chart below, the yield percentage of zucchini is 95%. So, if you buy 3 pounds of zucchini, the usable portion after you prepare them would be 95% of 3 pounds. Remember the formula we’ve used in the past:   We call the part the edible portion quantity, or EPQ, and the whole the as-purchased quantity, or APQ.

The APQ would be 3 pounds. So:

95 3 = EPQ 100

The usable part would be 2.85 pounds.

Another example: If you buy a carton of strawberries that weighs 5000 grams, what would the usable portion be after you prepared them? The yield percentage for strawberries from the chart below is 87%. What is 87% of 5000 grams? The usable part would be 4350 grams.

We can also do a problem like this: If a recipe calls for 32 ounces of sliced pears, how many ounces would you need to buy? The yield percentage for pears is 78%. We would ask, 32 ounces is 78% of what? Our formula would look like this:

The whole would be 41.03 ounces, which would be approximately what we’d want to buy for the recipe.

Item Yield
%
Anise 75
Apples 76
Apricots 94
Artichokes 48
Asparagus 56
 Bananas 68 Beans, green/wax 88 Beans, Lima in shell 40 Beets, no tops 76 Beets, with tops 49 Beet greens 56 Blackberries 92 Blueberries 92 Broccoli 61 Brussels sprouts 74
 Cabbage, green 79 Cantaloupe, no rind 50 Carrots, no tops 82 Carrots, with tops 60 Cauliflower 45 Celery 75 Celery root (Celeriac) 75 Chard 77 Coconut 53 Collards 77 Cucumbers 95
 Eggplant 81 Endive, Chicory, Escarole 74
 Figs 82 Fruit for juice: ___Grapefruit *45 ___Lemon *45 ___Lime *35 ___Oranges, Florida *50

*: % of total weight

 Garlic bulb (10-12 cloves) 87 Grapefruit sections 47 Grapes, seedless 94
 Kale 74 Kohlrabi 55
 Leeks 52 Lettuce, Iceberg 74 Lettuce, leaf 67
 Melons: ___Cantaloupe 50 ___Casaba 50 ___Cranshaw 50 ___Honeydew, no rind 60 ___Watermelon, flesh 46 Mushrooms 97 Mustard greens 68 Nectarines 86
 Okra 78 Onions, green (10-12) 60 Onions, large 89 Orange sections 70
 Parsley 76 Parsnips 85 Peaches 76 Pears 78 Peas, green in the shell 38 Peppers, green 82 Persimmons 82 Pineapple 52 Plums, pitted 85 Pomegranates 54 Potatoes, new 81 Potatoes, old 73 Potatoes, sweet 80
 Radishes, with tops 63 Radishes, no tops 85 Raspberries 97 Rhubarb, no leaves 86 Rutabagas 85
 Salsify 63 Shallots 89 Spinach 74 Squash ___Acorn 78 ___Butternut 52 ___Hubbard 66 ___Yellow 95 ___Zucchini 95 Strawberries 87

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## Purpose

To practice using yield percentages.

## Outcomes

By completing this assignment, you will be able to…

1. Find the usable portion of food using the yield percent chart.
2. Determine the amount of food you need to buy using the yield percent chart.

## Instructions

To complete this assignment…

1. Use the yield percent chart here to find the percentage you need to use.
2. Express all answers in decimal form.
3. Round to the nearest hundredth, if necessary.

## Tips for Success

To help in the completion of this assignment, make sure to:

• Round all answers to the nearest hundredth.
• Include how you set up each problem in order to get credit.

Yield Percents Assignment

1) If you buy 16 pounds of apricots, what will the usable portion be after you prepare them?

2) If you buy a pineapple that weighs 1.36 kilogram, how much will the usable portion weigh?

3) If you need 1000 grams of prepared blueberries, how much should you buy?

4) If you need 36 ounces of prepared cantaloupe, how much should you buy?

5) If you buy 14 pounds of sweet potatoes for pie, what will the usable portion be after you prepare them?

6) If you buy a 20-pound box of peaches, what will the usable portion be?

7) If you need 12 ounces of prepared figs, how much should you buy?

8) If you need 3000 grams of prepared blackberries, how much should you buy?

9) If you buy a casaba that weighs 2.5 kilograms, what will the usable portion be?

10) If you buy 60.45 grams of anise, how much will the usable portion weigh?

11) If you buy 3 pounds of lemons, what will be the weight of the juice you squeeze from them?

12) If you want to make 680 grams of fresh-squeezed orange juice, how many grams of oranges should you buy?

13) If you need 12 ounces of prepared rhubarb, how much should you buy?

14) If you need 3.5 pounds of prepared peaches, how many pounds should you buy?

15) If you buy a 0.75 kilogram old potatoes for potato rolls, what will the prepared potatoes weigh?

16) If you buy 400 grams of raspberries, what will the usable portion be?

17) If you need 3 pounds of prepared apples, how much should you buy?

18) If you need 42 ounces of prepared nectarines, how much should you buy?

19) If you buy 5.4 pounds of bananas, what will the usable portion be?

20) If you need 1000 grams of prepared carrots, how many grams (without tops) should you buy?

This puts an anchor at the top of the page to link to within the page.

This is the Navigation section at the top of the page.

## Purpose

To practice using yield percentages.

## Outcomes

By completing this assignment, you will be able to…

1. Find the usable portion of food using the yield percent chart.
2. Determine the amount of food you need to buy using the yield percent chart.

## Instructions

To complete this assignment…

1. Use the yield percent chart here to find the percentage you need to use.
2. Express all answers in decimal form.
3. Round to the nearest hundredth, if necessary.

## Tips for Success

To help in the completion of this assignment, make sure to:

• Round all answers to the nearest hundredth.
• Include how you set up each problem in order to get credit.

Yield Percents Assignment

1) If you buy 16 pounds of apricots, what will the usable portion be after you prepare them?

2) If you buy a pineapple that weighs 1.36 kilogram, how much will the usable portion weigh?

3) If you need 1000 grams of prepared blueberries, how much should you buy?

4) If you need 36 ounces of prepared cantaloupe, how much should you buy?

5) If you buy 14 pounds of sweet potatoes for pie, what will the usable portion be after you prepare them?

6) If you buy a 20-pound box of peaches, what will the usable portion be?

7) If you need 12 ounces of prepared figs, how much should you buy?

8) If you need 3000 grams of prepared blackberries, how much should you buy?

9) If you buy a casaba that weighs 2.5 kilograms, what will the usable portion be?

10) If you buy 60.45 grams of anise, how much will the usable portion weigh?

11) If you buy 3 pounds of lemons, what will be the weight of the juice you squeeze from them?

12) If you want to make 680 grams of fresh-squeezed orange juice, how many grams of oranges should you buy?

13) If you need 12 ounces of prepared rhubarb, how much should you buy?

14) If you need 3.5 pounds of prepared peaches, how many pounds should you buy?

15) If you buy a 0.75 kilogram old potatoes for potato rolls, what will the prepared potatoes weigh?

16) If you buy 400 grams of raspberries, what will the usable portion be?

17) If you need 3 pounds of prepared apples, how much should you buy?

18) If you need 42 ounces of prepared nectarines, how much should you buy?

19) If you buy 5.4 pounds of bananas, what will the usable portion be?

20) If you need 1000 grams of prepared carrots, how many grams (without tops) should you buy?